25 Oct 2021

There are plenty of commonly used mobile programming languages to choose from and create a well-thought, structured, and highly functional mobile app. Cross-platform applications are written for several platforms at once in one non-native language. There are also two native programming language choice approaches here. Nowadays, there are many application languages to choose from. Mobile programming may easily share lots of languages used for web development. Anticipate the challenges of mobile application development and tap into the cloud to enhance the user experience.

what language is ios apps written in

TestFlight allows Apple Developer Program members to do internal testing with up to 25 team members on up to 30 devices each. You can give your iOS app development team a chance to test your app in a small group and prepare for the Apple Beta review so that you can release your new iOS app to external testers. Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that can be used for a wide range of use cases, including PWAs.

Disadvantages of the Swift programming language

Swift 4.0, released in 2017, introduced several changes to some built-in classes and structures. Code written with previous versions of Swift can be updated using the migration functionality built into Xcode. Swift 5, released in March 2019, introduced a stable binary interface on Apple platforms, allowing the Swift runtime to be incorporated into Apple operating systems. The first product of this effort was SwiftNIO, a cross-platform asynchronous event-driven network application framework for high performance protocol servers and clients.

  • Objective-C might be better if you are looking for an old-school programming language still used in many iOS app development companies.
  • It is probably the next big thing happening in the Android world.
  • Swift’s syntax and code construction allow excluding many typical bugs delivered by Objective-C.
  • For example, each developer needs a Mac computer—and Macs are generally more expensive than their Windows-based counterparts.
  • It is also the most popular language for writing apple OSx applications because of its powerful native development advantages.
  • Message passing among objects is a key feature of Objective-C that became really useful for Apple iOS operating systems.

Unless you want to become a developer, using an app creator is the best option. The time it will take you to learn different programming languages probably isn’t worth the investment if you just need to create one app for your business. Even if you do learn how to code, your first app likely won’t be ready for real users. As I said before, all of the programming languages for native mobile apps.

The Best iOS Programming Languages for Developing an iPhone App

Here is a list of the most popular programming languages used to develop iOS apps. When you’re building a hybrid application or want to develop cross platform apps, you’re generally dealing with some sort of JavaScript-based language, framework, or toolkit. Objective-C was the first programming language by Apple to support mobile applications on its platform. It’s an OO that uses syntax from C and the object oriented aspects of SmallTalk. To understand, it is best to first define the difference of native vs. cross-platform app development. Flutter is a hybrid app development platform made by Google that makes use of the Dart programming language.

If you develop an application using Objective-C, it’s unlikely you’ll need to spend money on migrating the app to a new language version after a few months. Cory Bohon is an indie developer specializing in iOS and OS X development. He runs a software company called Cocoa App and is also a developer at MartianCraft. He was introduced to technology at an early age and has been writing about his favorite technology part-time since 2007. He runs a development blog named ObjDev when he isn’t writing about consumer tech. Building a module with SPM is easy and can be done with a few lines of code and git repository.

Which is the best programming language for modern iOS apps?

These applications are called native because they are written in the native programming language for a specific platform. For Android OS, this android coding language is Java, while ios native language is Objective-C swift vs objective-c or Swift Mobile web apps. Before choosing the best app coding language for your mobile product to write the best code for apps, deal with the types of mobile applications that exist there on the market.

what language is ios apps written in

Although you can later broaden the app’s scope, it’s preferable to lay a strong basis in the initial iteration. In order to program iOS, you must wrap your code in web technologies. The app can be published and run on the platform using this container. These web technologies bring together JavaScript, CSS, and HTML 5. Many smartphone owners previously had the iPhone in their sights, but it wasn’t a reality for everyone.


Objects are passed between methods by copying the value of the pointer, allowing the same underlying data on the heap to be accessed by anyone with a copy. These styles of access are termed pass-by-reference in the case of objects, and pass-by-value for basic types. Swift was specially designed by Apple and released in 2014 and has become one of the most popular languages for writing https://globalcloudteam.com/ iOS apps. Dart is a language released by Google that aims to be productive, fast and approachable. It looks very similar to Java or C++, developers familiar with those languages can pick up Dart in a matter of days. Overall, Objective-C was a great language Apple released – however most developers and teams should look to use Swift if they are developing a new platform.

In addition, Google PlayStore owns 2.23 million iPhone apps and 1.44 million Android devices. Although Android applications have an increased number worldwide compared to iOS apps, we compare them for mobile apps development. The language provides a number of features that help make it easy to use for developing apps quickly and efficiently. Objective C also has a number of tools that help make the development process easier, including Xcode, Interface Builder, and Instruments. JavaScript is still the best programming language for mobile applications.

Web Apps

IOS is the second most-used operating system in the world behind Android. Objective-C and Swift are two main programming languages used to build iOS apps. While Objective-C is an older programming language, Swift is a modern, fast, clear, and evolving programming language.